Does South Africa need a diabetes-in-pregnancy study group?
An autosomal dominant disorder caused by the repeated expansion of the trinucleotide sequence cytosine-thymidine-guanine (CTG)) in the DNA of chromosome 19. Excessive urination caused either by inadequate amounts of circulating vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone) in the body (hypothalamic DI) or by failure of the kidney to respond to antidiuretic hormone (nephrogenic DI). It really does leave loomfor imagination and personal interpretationlon. The loss of these cells results in nearly complete insulin deficiency; without exogenous insulin, type 1 DM is rapidly fatal. Type 1 DM is caused by autoimmune destruction of the insulin-secreting beta cells of the pancreas. How do I prevent it from happening? It enhances postprandial glucose control by slowing gastric emptying, decreasing postprandial glucagon concentrations, and regulating appetite and food intake; thus pramlintide is helpful for patients who do not achieve optimal glucose control with insulin and/or oral antidiabetic agents.
Testing should be repeated at 24 to 28 weeks' gestation if the first screening is negative. Blood glucose levels at 1 hr after beginning a meal are considered the best predictor for subsequent fetal macrosomia. Counseling may be helpful in dealing with this chronic illness. brittle diabetes DM that is exceptionally difficult to control. DM that results from damage to the pancreas (e.g., after frequent episodes of pancreatitis) or from drugs such as corticosteroids (which increase resistance to the effects of insulin). With help from a dietitian, a diet is planned based on the recommended amount of calories, protein, carbohydrates, and fats. It is marked by atrophic changes in the muscles of the shoulder girdle and face, inability to raise the arms above the head, myopathic facies, eyelids that remain partly open in sleep, and inability to whistle or purse the lips.
Serum electrolyte and blood urea nitrogen levels are monitored. Both the patient and family are taught to identify signs of dehydration and to report signs of severe dehydration and impending hypovolemia. Children with this form of DM are not prone to diabetic ketoacidosis. GDM affects a large percentage of pregnant American women, ranging from about 1.5 to 14 %, depending on the ethnic group studied.
It was formerly known as. Medical Qualifications DM abbreviation meaning defined here. The patient should wear or carry a medical ID tag and have prescribed medications with him or her at all times.
Some negative aspects of intensive therapy include a three times more frequent occurrence of severe hypoglycemia, weight gain, and an adverse effect on serum lipid levels, i.e., a rise in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides and a fall in HDL cholesterol.
Both types of diabetics also may be prescribed pramlintide (Symlin), a synthetic analog of human amylin, a hormone manufactured in the pancreatic beta cells. All injuries, cuts, and blisters should be treated promptly. The patient with ulcerated or insensitive feet is referred to a podiatrist for continuing foot care and is warned that decreased sensation can mask injuries.
Some patients with type 2 DM can control their disease with a calorically restricted diet (for instance 1600 to 1800 cal/day), regular aerobic exercise, and weight loss. The primary symptoms are urinary frequency, thirst, and dehydration. Children with this form of DM are not prone to diabetic ketoacidosis. The patient is taught the importance of maintaining normal blood pressure levels (120/80 mm Hg or lower). The length of the therapy and the importance of taking medications as prescribed and not discontinuing them without consulting the prescriber are stressed. All Acronyms. Target blood glucose levels are 90 mg/dL or less (fasting) and 120 to 140 mg/dL postprandially. 45% of those diagnosed receive optimal care according to established guidelines. The woman’s feelings about her pregnancy and diabetes as well as her support system should be carefully assessed. Intensive therapy consists of three or more doses of insulin injected or administered by infusion pump daily, with frequent self-monitoring of blood glucose levels as well as frequent changes in therapy as a result of contacts with health care professionals. If euglycemia is not achieved by nutrition therapy and exercise within 10 days, insulin is started. Although gestational diabetes usually subsides after delivery, women with GDM have a 45% risk of recurrence with the next pregnancy and a significant risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
One of several rare forms of muscular dystrophy in which the forearm, hand, calf, and foot muscles are primarily affected as opposed to the muscles of the shoulders or pelvic girdle. A steady, consistent level of daily exercise is prescribed, and participation in a supervised exercise program is recommended. Both patient and family need to know that chronic DI will not shorten the lifespan, but lifelong medications may be required to control the signs, symptoms, and complications of the disease. Weakness in the limbs often follows.
DI usually results from hypothalamic injury (such as brain trauma or neurosurgery) or from the effects of certain drugs (such as lithium or demeclocycline) on the renal resorption of water.
A hemoglobin A1c test that is more than two standard deviations above normal (6.5% or greater) is also diagnostic of the disease. Regulation of blood glucose to normal or nearly normal levels, both before and after meals. Chronic complications of hyperglycemia include retinopathy and blindness, peripheral and autonomic neuropathies, glomerulosclerosis of the kidneys (with proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome, or end-stage renal failure), coronary and peripheral vascular disease, and reduced resistance to infections. Type 1 or insulin-dependent DM has a prevalence of just 0.3 to 0.4%. Recurrence of polyuria may indicate dosing that is too low.
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas produces little or no insulin due to the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells.
Intensive therapy consists of three or more doses of insulin injected or administered by infusion pump daily, with frequent self-monitoring of blood glucose levels as well as frequent changes in therapy as a result of contacts with health care professionals. Weight gain should be reported because this may signify that the medication dosage is too high.
DM - Direct Message in ordinary language (not as a professional).
Most patients, however, require the addition of some form of oral hypoglycemic drug or insulin. DI caused by failure of the posterior pituitary gland to secrete antidiuretic hormone is treated with synthetic vasopressin. Hypoglycemic reactions are promptly treated by giving carbohydrates (orange juice, hard candy, honey, or any sugary food); if necessary, subcutaneous or intramuscular glucagon or intravenous dextrose (if the patient is not conscious) is administered.
Wow! When DI is a side effect of drug therapy, the offending drug is withheld.
There you go: http://www.abbreviations.com/term/290573, can you follow me on musical.ly if you have one...Lightskinnn_leah, A group comment on my pix on instagram, that they are trying to message me but they can't, that I should D.M back . Get instant explanation for any acronym or abbreviation that hits you anywhere on the web. A chronic metabolic disorder marked by hyperglycemia. DI usually results from hypothalamic injury (such as brain trauma or neurosurgery) or from the effects of certain drugs (such as lithium or demeclocycline) on the renal resorption of water. Women who have no medical or obstetrical contraindicting factors should be encouraged to participate in an approved exercise program, because physical activity increases insulin receptor sensitivity.
The patient is educated about diabetes, its possible complications and their management, and the importance of adherence to the prescribed therapy. see more »
If someone says DM me, what does that mean?
Common symptoms include progressive visual loss followed by the loss of color perception, and eventually peripheral visual loss and night blindness.
The increasing prevalence of obesity coincides with the increasing incidence of diabetes; approx.
DM types 1 and 2 are both treated with specialized diets, regular exercise, intensive foot and eye care, and medications. Oral hypoglycemic agents, insulin, and exercise are the primary methods of treatment. DM that usually has its onset before the age of 25 years, in which the essential abnormality is related to absolute insulin deficiency.
The disease is marked by alternating episodes of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. In medical terms, "DM" stands for diabetes mellitus. Recurrence of polyuria may indicate dosing that is too low. When either condition results in hospitalization, vital signs, weight, fluid intake, urine output, and caloric intake are accurately documented.
How do I prevent Gestational diabetes? Tight control of blood sugar has been shown to improve the survival of patients in intensive-care units and to prevent long-term complications of DM, e.g., blindness, nerve damage, and kidney failure. insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus Abbreviation: IDDM Type 1 diabetes. It is the most common complication of CF other than those conditions that affect the lungs. The patient and family should be referred to local and national support and information groups and may require psychological counseling. There are so many definitions for DM.
Tight glucose control can reduce the patient’s risk of many of the complications of the disease. Chronic management of DM is also based on periodic measurement of glycosylated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c). See: Any of nine distinct genetic syndromes that affect muscular strength and action, some of which first become obvious in infancy, whereas others manifest in adolescence or young adulthood.
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Hyperglycemia caused by the use of exogenously administered corticosteroids, e.g., prednisone, methylprednisolone, or dexamethasone. The patient and family should be referred to local and national support and information groups and may require psychological counseling.
diabetes mellitus (DM).
), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. A steady, consistent level of daily exercise is prescribed, and participation in a supervised exercise program is recommended.
Other elements in care include receiving regular vaccinations, e.g., to prevent influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia). DM caused by diseases of the ovaries, pituitary, thyroid, or adrenal glands. An autosomal dominant retinal disease in which central visual acuity is diminished when lipofuscin accumulates under the macula. Urinary output is often massive, e.g., 5 to 15 L/day, which may result in dehydration in patients who cannot drink enough liquid to replace urinary losses, e.g., those with impaired consciousness.
https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/GDM. Many amputees have a second amputation within five years.
Target blood glucose levels are 90 mg/dL or less (fasting) and 120 to 140 mg/dL postprandially.
Saturated fats should be limited to less than 7% of total caloric intake, and trans-fatty acids (unsaturated fats with hydrogen added) minimized.
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